The concept of providing libraries to
the public gained momentum and public libraries were established in almost all countries
with the active involvement of public.
Andhra Pradesh is one of the biggest states in India having a population of 76.2
millions as per 2001 census. Hyderabad, which is a capital city of Andhra Pradesh
is also one of the biggest cities in India, and is credited as the first city to
establish E-seva centers in the country.
Government of Andhra Pradesh in its vision document 2020 stated that “Digital Libraries
would be set up to preserve and propagate the State’s rich cultural heritage”. Accordingly
Department of Public Libraries of Andhra Pradesh has associated with the Universal
Digital Library Project since September, 2002.
There is a large network of Public Libraries all over Andhra Pradesh which are having
free access to all. There are about 1842 number of public libraries with other accessory
facilities like 99 mobile libraries 1400 Book deposit centers spread all over Andhra
Pradesh, with a total book stock 183.18 lakhs. The Department of Public Libraries
equips these libraries with new books every year. In addition to that, special efforts
are made in providing reading facilities to the students and the youth with competitive
examinations and reference units and special reading facilities to women and children
respectively in these public libraries.
The Department of Public Libraries has identified the following two Scanning Centers
for the Universal Digital Library project one at State Central Library, Afzalgunj,
Hyderabad; another at City Central Library, Ashok Nagar, Hyderabad.
The State Central Library of Andhra Pradesh, which was originally known as Asafia
State Library, was established in 1891, which was dedicated to the public in the
year 1936 during the period of H.E.H. Nizam the seventh. In 1955, after the enactment
of Hyderabad Public Libraries Act, Asafia State Library was declared as the State
Central Library for the Hyderabad State. After the linguistic reorganization of
States in 1956, it was declared as the State Central Library for the Andhra Pradesh
State and also this building is now declared as heritage building and which is presently
housing 4.60 lakhs of books in the following languages.
Book stock in State Central Library:-
Language Book stock on 31st March 2006
Telugu … 1,46,597
English … 1,46,856
Urdu … 69,619
Hindi … 46,174
Arabic … 6,459
Persian … 6,492
Tamil … 1,223
Kannada … 15,073
Marathi … 17,419
Sanskrit … 3,368
The City Central Library, Ashoknagar, Hyderabad was established in the year of 1961.
This library is located in the heart of the Hyderabad city. This library is working
under the City Grandhalaya Samstha, Hyderabad District and having 83 branch Libraries.The
City Central Library has got the best Library award from Raja Ram Mohan Roy Library
Total book stock in the City Central Library:
Language Book stack
Telugu … 65,619
English … 68,443
Urdu … 16,057
Hindi … 25,441
Tamil … 2,933
Kannada … 3,506
Marathi … 3,349
Sanskrit … 2,520
Total … 1,87,868
NEED TO ESTABLISH A DIGITAL LIBRARY:
Arms define “Digital Library” to mean “a managed collection of information, with
associated services, where the information is stored in Digital formats and accessible
over a network”. To some people it simply means carrying out the functions of the
library in a new way. A digital library is an integrated set of services for capturing,
cataloguing, storing, searching protecting and retrieving information, which provides
coherent organization and convenient access to a typically large amount of digital
The Department of Public Libraries, Andhra Pradesh has realized the importance of
having knowledge society and encouraging library facilities in the rural areas through
Book Deposit Centres, Bapuji Vignana Kendras etc, but still there is a vacuum between
knowledge providing centers i.e. library facilities and knowledge seekers. Therefore
there is a need to think of providing information/knowledge through various means
other than book form. It is time for any responsible administrator to think of providing
the knowledge required to every individual at their door steps in the electronic
format i.e. through the Internet/Online services.
The Universal Digital Library project has goal of keeping one million books on the
Web. There is lot of interactions going on all over the globe in keeping the entire
knowledge in the Net whether it is a scientific knowledge or moral stories, fictions,
text books, music, dance, sculpture, photos etc. to be accessible to any one at
any time. The committed steps taken by Prof. Raj Reddy of Carnegie Mellon University,
Pitts Burg, U.S.A. as the Chief Architect of Universal Digital Library Project,
he has motivated the Government of Andhra Pradesh, Department of Public Libraries
to be a part of Universal Digital Library project.
FACILITIES PROVIDED IN THE SCANNING CENTERS:
Totally ten Scanners were installed five at each of the scanning center i.e. at
State Central Library, Afzal gunj and City Central Library, Ashok nagar, Hyderabad
in November 2002.
The Department of Public Libraries, Government of Andhra Pradesh has taken up this
project as an aim to digitize 1.44 lakh books of common interest to the communities
of interest and to make them available in a location language and time independently.
The staffs of both the scanning centers are assigned to identify books published
prior to 1923 in State Central Library and City Central Library.
The basic training has been provided to the staff of both the scanning centers for
PROCESS OF SCANNING:
1. Selection of Books: Old books available in Government and Private Libraries,
which does not attract Copy Right Act are identified. Books published prior to 1923
are being scanned in both the scanning centers.
2. Data Verification:
a). To avoid duplications in the scanning process search is made in
Digital Library of India
Web Site to know whether
a particular book has already been scanned or not. (www.dli.iiit.ac.in)
b). After completion of Metadata files, the books will be sent to scanning
3. Scanning Procedure:
1. Five Minolta-PS 7000 Scanners in each scanning center are installed. Each scanner
is attached with two computers of high capacity of 80 GB Hard Disk and 528 MB RAM.
2. On each scanner minimum 3000 pages can be scanned within duration of eight hours.
3. After scanning, the scanned Data will be stored in OTIFF folder in TIFF format.
After completing cropping work TIFF images will be stored in PTIFF folder &
OCR will be applied by using ABBEY FINE READER and converted into HTML, RTF &
TXT files. After completing quality control check, the scanned Data will be written
in DVD’s and CD’s and submitted to the source Library, and the same Data will be
sent to IIIT, Gachibowli, Hyderabad in Hard Disks or DVD’s to keep the Data on WEB.
STRATEGY ADOPTED FOR OBTAINING WILLINGNESS OF AUTHORS/PUBLISHERS :
We could scan the books published after 1950 also, after taking the willingness
of the Authors/Publishers. Still there is a need to have a massive publicity in
educating the publishers as well as Authors to take part in this innovative project.
Consent of Authors/Publishers are obtained for their willingness through press &
electronic media and also in writing directly to Authors/Publishers to scan their
Out of 40,658 books available in Registrar of Publications, Hyderabad, Authors/Publishers
covering 27,450 books were addressed requesting them to give their consent to scan
their books and to keep them on WEB. A separate team of employees of Registrar of
Publications is constituted for obtaining consent of Authors/Publishers. So far
1,655 Individual Authors/Publishers have given their consents to scan 8,225 Books.
STRATEGY ADOPTED TO OBTAIN BOOKS FROM OTHER LIBRARIES:
A team has been constituted with Librarians of SCL & CCL as Liaison Officers
for identification of old books available at Sri Krishna Devaraya Andhra Bhasha
Nilayam , Vemana Grandhalayam,Government Publications, Government Text books Press,
Telugu Academy, and other Government / Private Libraries.
The Universal Digital Library Project has given impetus to the literary world as
the knowledge is vastly changing and developing by leaps and bounds from dawn to
dusk in the knowledge explosion society from the boundaries of the micro and macro
systems of the society. Library caters not only to the needs of the society in all
walks of life as per the changing tone and trends of the requirements of the knowledge
but also in the information technology field.
The Universal Digital Library project is not just aiming to keep one million books
on the Web, but it is doing a yeomen service to humanity with an objective of providing
knowledge to every knowledge seeker at any point of time at any place. It is time
for all of us to combine our united efforts to create a knowledge society duly making
available up to date knowledge at the doorsteps.