(Received the assent of the Governor on
the 18th February, 1960 and first Published in the Andhra Pradesh Gazette, dated
the 25th February, 1960)
An Act to consolidate and amend the Laws relating to the establishment and maintenance
of Public Libraries in the State of Andhra Pradesh and matters connected therewith.
NOTE: The preamble is not very precise and explicit in explaining the reasons
and motives of the Act. The purpose of the Act is explained as establishment and
maintenance of Public Libraries. The establishment and maintenance of Public Libraries
is only a means to an end, but not the end itself. A Library has to serve several
To provide full facilities for literacy
campaigns and continuing life-long education according to the need and the convenience
of the reader;
To strengthen the forces of socialism,
secularism and democracy,
To contribute for the economic and social
advancement of the people;
To preserve the Culture of our country;
To provide to one and all a harmless and
elevating use of leisure;
To provide up-to-date faces and information
on all subjects, to one and all, as a help in the discharge of their political functions
in respect of local, national and international affairs;
To provide up-to-date pin pointed information
to research scholars and technicians.
It should preserve the literary remains
of humanity for posterity, as vehicles of culture, and as source materials for antiquarian
research; and in general.
It should work for continued social well-being
as the agency in charge of all socialised recorded thought.
Thus a library has educational, informational,
political, economic, Industrial, cultural, and antiquarian functions.
Hence the present preamble may be amended suitably by including in a net shell the
most essential objectives of the libraries, as mentioned in some of the Acts of
the foreign countries.
For statement of objects and Reasons see,
part of IV-A of the Andhra Pradesh Gazette Extraordinary dated 25th July 1959; page
58, Be it enacted by the Legislature of the State of Andhra Pradesh in the eleventh
year of the Republic of India as follows:-
extent and commencement:-
(1) This Act may
be called the Andhra Pradesh Public Libraries Act, 1960.
(2) It extends to the whole of the State of Andhra Pradesh,
(3)It shall come2 force on such date as the Government may, by notification, appoint.
Definitions: 2. In this
Act, unless, the context otherwise requires:-
(1) ‘aided Library’ means a library declared by the Director to
be eligible for aid either from the Government or from the Library Fund in accordance
with the rules made under this Act;
(2) 'committee' means the State Library
Committee constituted under Section 3
(3) ‘Director’ means the Director of Public
Libraries appointed under section 8,
(4) 'District’ means a revenue District;
(5) ‘Government’ means the State Government;
(6) 'Library Cess’ means the Cess levied under
sub-section (1) of section 20;
(7) ‘Notification’ means a notification published in the ANDHRA PRADESH
(8) 'prescribed’ means prescribed by rules made
under this Act;
(9) ‘Public Library’ means :
(a) a Library established or maintained by a *Zilla Grandhalaya
Samstha, including the branches and delivery stations of such a library;
2Act came into force on 1st April, 1960.
* Substituted by the Andhra Pradesh Public Libraries Act No. 7of 1969. The expression
‘Local Library Authority’ and the 'Local Library Authorities' in entire
Act were substituted by ‘Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha’ and 'Zilla Grandhalaya Samsthas'
by Section 2 of the Andhra Pradesh Public Libraries (Amendment) Act 7 of 1969.
a Library established or maintained by
the Government and declared
open to the public;
a Library established or maintained by
any local body or co-operative
society and declared open to the public;
a Library declared to be eligible for
aid and receiving aid from the Government or from the Library Fund; and includes,
any other Library notified by the Government as a Public Library for the purposes
of this Act
NOTE:- The Zilla Grandhalaya Samsthas
are opening village libraries. The Village Libraries may also be included in the
above definition. As a matter of fact the word delivery stations used in the above
definition is not actually in usage, and wherever it is to be used the word "Book
Deposit Center" is used at all levels. Hence to avoid confusion it is suggested
that the word 'delivery station' may be substituted by 'Book Deposit
'State' means the State of Andhra
'State Central Library’ means a Library
established by the Government
as the State Central Library;
NOTE :- The functions of the State Central
Library have not been mentioned in the Act. It is necessary to include a chapter
mentioning clearly the functions of the State Central Library, the Regional Libraries,
their position and relationship with other libraries in the Act,
(12) 'State Regional Library' means a library established by
as a State Regional Library;
NOTE:- By the time of enforcement of the Andhra Pradesh Public Libraries Act 1960,
there was only one State Regional Library at Guntur. Originally this library was
started at Visakhapatnam and shifted to Guntur. After the formation of Andhra Pradesh
State, the 'Asifia Library', is treated as 'State Central Library',
and the library at Guntur is called as "State Regional Library". Afterwards
during the third and fourth five year plan periods Regional Libraries have been
established at Visakhapatnam, Tirupathi, Warangal and Nizamabad. These libraries
are called as 'Regional Libraries'. It is therefore desirable to follow
a common name for all the Regional Libraries I.e. 'State Regional Library’ or
(13) 'Year’ means the financial year,
NOTE : It will be observed from the above definitions in the Act, it is definitely
more comprehensive and there is much improvement over some of the definitions of
the Madras Public Libraries Act. At the same time certain definitions are too obvious
and should not have been included e.g. section 2 (6) and Section 2 (7) as these
two are obvious to be defined.
and Composition of the State Library Committee and its Functions: 3.
(1) As soon as may be, after the commencement of this Act, the Government shall,
by notification, constitute for the purposes of this Act a Committee to be called
the State Library Committee.
NOTE : The Madras and Andhra Pradesh Acts provide for a State Library Committee
instead of a State Library Authority as provided in the Model Bill of the Government
of India. The Karnataka Act also constitutes the States Library Authority
without charging the Minister with the statutory duty of over reviewing and administering
the library service in the State. The Kerala draft Bill proposes to establish
a Library Authority which shall be a body corporate with supervisory powers and
executive functions. Maharashtra State has State Library Council headed by
the Ministry of Education which is purely an advisory body. It is not binding
on the Government to implement its recommendations. As this committee shall
be a Central Authority for carrying out the provisions of the Act, it is necessary
to entrust the committee with certain statutory powers and functions. This
question has been dealt with from all aspects in the Report of Sri Gopal Rao Ekbote,
retired Chief Justice of Andhra Pradesh. The suggestions of the committee
are worth implementation, and it will go along way in the development of Library
service in the State..
(2) x The Committee shall consist of :-
(a) The Minister in-charge of Education, who shall also be the
of the Committee;
NOTE : There is a separate Minister for Libraries at present. Hence the word 'Education’
may be substituted by 'Libraries'.
The Secretary to Government in the Education
The Secretary to Government in
the Health Housing and Municipal Administration Department,
NOTE : The Words 'Health, Housing'
and, may be deleted as this Department has been separated from Municipal Administration.
The Director of Public Libraries, who
shall also be the Secretary to the Committee;
The Director of Public Instruction;
x Substituted by Andhra Pradesh
Act No. 7 of 1969.
NOTE: There is no such post as at present.
The Directorate of Public instruction is separated as Director of Higher Education
and Director of School Education Besides a separate Director for Adult Education
has also been appointed. The sub-section has therefore to be amended suitably after
deciding the question of giving representation to all the three Directors, or to
one or two as the case may be.
The Director of Municipal Administration;
The Librarian, State Central Library,
(h) Six members of the State Legislature,
four to be elected from among themselves by the Members of the Legislative Assembly
and two to be elected from among themselves by the Members of the Legislative council;
(i) One person nominated by the Syndicate of each of the Universities in the State;
(j) Three persons nominated by the Andhra Pradesh library Association;
Note: As the Government is now recognising other library associations it is fitting
that representation may be given to them also. The words in the sub-section 'three
persons nominated by the Andhra Pradesh library Association’ may be amended suitably
by giving representation to other recognised library Associations in the State.
(k) Eight persons nominated by the Government as follows:-
(i) One from among the members of the Hyderabad City Grandhalaya Samstha;
(ii) One from among the members of the Zilla Grandhalaya Samsthas in
each University area in the State.
Note:- Nagarjuna University, Hyderabad Central University and Kakatiya University
have been established and representation has to be given to them also. Besides it
is desirable to give representation to Technical Universities also i.e. A.P. Agricultural
University Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University.
(iii) One person who had rendered outstanding service to the cause of
(iv) One person with special knowledge of matters relating to the Public
libraries in the State;
(v) Two district central librarians,
3. The committee shall advice the Government on all matters arising under this Act
and shall exercise and perform such other powers and duties as may be prescribed.
Note:- The functions of the committee
are to advise Government on all matters arising under this Act and exercise and
perform such other powers and duties as may be prescribed. In case if the executive
ignores the Committee on matters arising under the Act, it would be open to members
to raise issues at the meeting at their own initiative and to question the Executive
if thought fit as to why the matters were not referred to the committee. But in
actual practice such contingency has not so far been arised.
Term of office of certain members of the committee: x
4. Every member of the committee, other than an ex-officio member, shall
hold office for a period of five years from the date of his nomination or election,
as the case may be :
Provided that the term of a member nominated or elected shall come to an
end as soon as he ceases to represent the body from which he was nominated or elected.
Provided further that a member who is holding office at the commencement of the
Andhra Pradesh Public Libraries (Amendment) Act, 1969 shall continue to hold office
for a period of five-years from the date on which he was nominated, elected or
co-opted as the case may be.
Filling up of casual vacancies of certain members of
the committee: £ 5. Any
vacancy occurring in the office of a nominated or elected member of the committee
before the expiration of his term shall be filled by nomination or election as the
case may be, of another person in the manner provided in section 3 and the person
so nominated or elected shall hold office for the residue of the term of his predecessor.
Meetings of the committee: 6. The Committee
shall meet at such times and places and shall observe such rules of procedure at
its meeting as may be prescribed.
NOTE: The Committee generally meets once or twice in a year at Hyderabad. The rules
of procedure for such meetings are prescribed in Andhra Pradesh Public Libraries
Act of State Library Committee not to
be invalidated by informality, etc.,
Act of a State Library Committee shall be deemed to be invalid by reason only of
the existence of any vacancy in, or any defect in the constitution of, that Committee.
Constitution of the Department of Public Libraries and
appointment of the Director thereof and his duties: 8. For the
purposes of this Act, the Government
x Substituted by Andhra
Pradesh Act No. 7 of 1969. g
£ Substituted by Andhra Pradesh Act No. 7 of 1969.
shall constitute a separate Department
of Public Libraries and appoint a (a) Director for that Department. The Director
so appointed shall, subject to the control, of the Government:-
(a) supervise the State Central Library and the (b) branches of such library;
NOTE: (a) Andhra Pradesh is the
first State in our country to have a separate Department of Libraries headed by
a separate Director. This is one of the good Features of the Andhra Pradesh Public
Libraries Act. When the Andhra Pradesh Public Libraries Act 1960 was enacted a
separate Department of Public Libraries was formed in January 1961 with the Director
of Public Instruction as in-charge Director of Public Libraries. Afterwards the
words in the Act relating to the 'appointment of Director of Public Instruction'
as in-charge of 'Director of Public Libraries' were deleted, and separate
Director is functioning from 1967 onwards. The status of the Director at present
is that of Joint Director of Education Department, in view of the onerous duties,
responsibilities, high academic qualifications and administrative experience, the
status of the Director may be raised to that of the Directors in the Education Department.
NOTE: (b) The branches of such library in the above sub-section gives scope
for doubt. The intention of the legislature in including the above words is not
clear, as there are no branches of State Library. The structure of Public Libraries
in our State is that of pyramid. At the apex there is the State Central Library,
at the bottom village libraries or delivery stations and in between them are Regional
libraries, District Central Libraries and branches etc. The State Central Library
has no constitutional powers over other libraries. It is functioning as a separate
entity with separate budget, staff and duties. It is not convincing to call other
Public Libraries as its branches because it is at the apex. However some library
person and workers are giving this kind of interpretation which may be regarded
as far from truth.
superintend and direct all matters relating
to Public Libraries;
declare, in accordance with the rules
made under the Act, what Libraries are eligible for aid from the Government and
supervise and direct all matters relating to such libraries;
direct and control the work of all Zilla
Grandhalaya Samsthas under
this Act in the manner prescribed;
submit to the Government, through the
State Library Committee every
year, a report on the working of the libraries under this Act in the preceding
year, and the Government shall place every such report on the Table of both
Houses of the State Legislature within three months from the date of its submission
to the Government;
submit reports to the committee on the
working of libraries, whenever
(g) publish annually
a bibliography of all the books published in the State in any language other than
English or Sanskrit;
NOTE: The preparation of bibliography
in Telugu is undertaken by the National Library, Calcutta. It is published
by the Government of Andhra Pradesh. But due to certain difficulties there is a
great back log and it is not yet completed and printed regularly. This has to be
completed. The Department of Registrar of Publications is now under the control
of Director of Public Libraries. The Registrar of Publications is expected to publish
quarterly a list of books Published in the State. After the Director of Public Libraries
became the Registrar of Publications, it has been considered that the preparation
and publication of quarterly lists by him is a duplication of work and involves
unnecessary expenditure as the Department of Public Libraries is publishing the
Bibliography in Telugu. Hence the publication of the lists were stopped. But the
bibliography in Telugu is not printed even after a lapse of some years due to several
causes i.e. some times the press due to heavy work cannot under take it. Besides
the editor of the National Bibliography (Telugu) from Calcutta may not be in a position
to come and stay for more than 2 months at Hyderabad to help the Press in printing
in view of his pressing and urgent work at Calcutta. These difficulties are more
inherent in the publication of Bibliography even though expeditious steps are taken
to bring it up-to-date. The preparation of Bibliography may be taken up by the Department
of libraries with the assistance of the staff of the Registrar of Publications.
If necessary additional staff may be appointed. All the books printed in the State
is received in the Registrar's Office. The cards can be prepared by them and
the classification numbers and the procedure to be adopted in writing the cards
etc. may be helped by the technical personnel of the Directorate, The press may
be requested annually to allot a few months for printing the bibliography. Some
ways and means is to be devised to print the Bibliography (Telugu) annually so that
it may serve the purpose for which it is prepared. It is a good tool to the writers,
publishers, public and librarians. Some years back the Bibliography of children's
books in Telugu and Urdu were printed. It is desirable that such works may be undertaken
by the Department regularly and the bibliographies in other languages except English
and Sanskrit may also be taken up.
(h) Perform such other duties and exercise such other powers as are
imposed or conferred on him by this Act or the rules made there under;
(i) Arrange for centralised classification, cataloguing, inter-library
loan, co-ordination of book selection, and maintenance of copyright registry;
NOTE: The centralised classification
and cataloguing system is not in vogue as the proposals of the Director were turned
down by the Government long ago. In the Government libraries this work is
being attended by the library staff of each library. In the case of District Central
libraries and Branch libraries under Zilla Grandhalaya Samsthas this work is expected
to be done at the District Central library by the Deputy librarian assisted, by
other staff members wherever possible. Much Importance has been attached by the
Department to the technical matters and it is watching the progress in this direction
and giving suitable instructions wherever necessary. The Dewey decimal classification
is followed in all Public libraries. The Dictionary cataloguing system is in vogue.
The Browne system of lending books is followed in the libraries. The inter library
loan of books is not effective and the response is very unsatisfactory. The maintenance
of copyright registry is not the function of Department of Public Libraries even
though it is mentioned in the Act. It is attended by the staff created for this
purpose by Central Government. The preparation of Union catalogue of books is undertaken
by the Department and it is in process. It may be completed as early as possible
as it is amonumental work of the Department.
x (j) Create, in accordance with the rules made under this Act, the posts required
in the office of a Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha and in the public libraries established
or maintained by the Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha.
and incorporation of Zilla Grandhalaya Samsthas: 9. (1) For the
purposes of organising and administering public libraries in the State, there shall
be constituted Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha, one for the City of Hyderabad by the name
of the Hyderabad City Grandhalaya Samstha; one for the district of Hyderabad excluding
the said City by the name of the Hyderabad Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha and one for
each of the other districts by the name of the district concerned.
NOTE: The revenue district has been selected as the unit of library service
with autonomous powers vested in the Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha. All the Districts
have civil, revenue and Judicial administration, Planning and Development goes on
the basis of district as unit, in all Departments. Our system of establishing one
Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha for each district is in accordance with the General Pattern.
According to the Mysore Act, one city Library Authority for areas having a population
of more than one lakh has to be created, and one district library Authority for
each revenue district excluding the area for which, a city library Authority is
constituted. In view of the present financial, cultural and educational backwardness
of our country it is enough for the present if there is only one Zilla Grandhalaya
Samstha for the entire district. It is often suggested by library workers that the
nomenclature “Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha” may be changed as "Zilla Grandhalaya
Authority” or by some appropriate term so as to avoid the confusion between the
terms 'Zilla Parishad and Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha’. Recently Vijayanagram
district has been formed and a Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha has to be constituted for
that district Hyderabad district Is now known as Ranga Reddy district.
2. Every Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha shall
by the name of the area of which it is constituted, be a body corporate having perpetual
succession and common seat with power to acquire; hold and dispose of property,
and to enter Into contracts and may by the said name sue and be sued,
x Inserted by Andhra Pradesh Act No, 7
(3) It shall be the duty of every Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha to provide
library service in the areas of its jurisdiction.
Composition of Zilla Grandhalaya Samsthas: 10.
(1) The Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha for the twin cities of Hyderabad and Secunderabad
shall consist of the following members,
four members nominated by the Government
from among the residents of the twin cities of Hyderabad and Secunderabad
who have rendered eminent service to the cause of education or public libraries;
two members elected from among themselves
by the Presidents of the Governing bodies of the Public Libraries other than those
referred to in sub-clauses (a) and (b) of clause (9) of Section 2 in the twin
cities of Hyderabad and Secunderabad.
two members elected by the Councillors
of the Municipal Corporation of Hyderabad,
two members nominated by the Andhra
Pradesh Library Association from among the members of the branches of
the said association in the cities of Hyderabad and Secunderabad.
NOTE : As Government have recognised
some library Associations, it is desirable to give representation to them also along
with Andhra Pradesh Library Association.
(e) the Librarian, City Central Library, Hyderabad who shall be the
Secretary of Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha.
NOTE: The total number of members Including the Secretary in the City Grandhalaya
Samstha is only 11. This number has to be increased as there is no representation
for the Head Master 'Head Mistress, Medical and Legal professional personnel.
The number of representatives from aided libraries may also be raised to at least
to 8 in view of many aided libraries in the city.
(2) x The Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha for each district shall consist
of the following members, namely :-
(a) five members nominated by the Government as follows :-
(i) One person from among persons in the medical profession in
(ii) One person from among persons in the legal profession in the district;
(iii) One head-master or head-mistress of a secondary school in the district;
x Substituted by Andhra Pradesh
Act No. 7 of 1969
(iv) two persons who have rendered eminent service in the field of education
or public libraries ;
(b) two members elected from among themselves by the
the Governing bodies of the Public Libraries, other than those referred
to sub-clauses (a), (b) and (c) of clause (9) of section 2 in each revenue division
in the district;
NOTE : There should be at least
three aided libraries in a revenue division to conduct the election of members under
this section. One member shall be the candidate, another member shall propose the
name and the second member shall second it. The election shall be conducted by Secretary,
Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha in the manner prescribed in the Rules.
one member elected from among themselves
by the Sarpanches of Gram Panchayats in each taluk in the district;
one member elected from among themselves
by the Councillors of the Council of every municipality in the district;
(e) two members nominated
by the district branch of the Andhra Pradesh Library Association.
NOTE: As the Government have recognised
more Library Associations it is desirable to give representation to them also on
the Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha.
(f) the Librarian, District Central Library, who shall also be
the Secretary of Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha.
NOTE: The above method of constitution of Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha is in accordance
with our democratic system. The body is autonomous and vested with full powers.
According to the Mysore Public Libraries Act, the District Collector is the Chairman.
As a Library is a democratic institution, it is not Congenial to place the officials
2. Every Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha shall elect one of members to be
Term of office
of members of Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha: 11. (1) Every member of
a Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha not being the librarian of the City Central Library
or the Librarian of the District Central Library shall hold office for a period
of five years from the date of his nomination or election as the case may be;
x Provided that any such member
who Is holding office at the commencement of the Andhra Pradesh Public Libraries
(Amendment) Act, 1969, shall continue to hold office for a period of five years
from the date on which he was nominated or elected as the case may be;
x Inserted by Andhra Pradesh Act
No. 7 of 1960.
(2) A member nominated or elected in his
capacity as the holder of a particular office shall if he ceases to be holder o-f
that office, cease to be a member of the Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha.
x Disqualifications for being chosen as and for being a
member of the Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha 11 -A. (1) A person
shall be disqualified for being chosen as and for being a member of the Zilla Grandhalaya
Samstha if he:-
(a) is or has been sentenced by a criminal court to imprisonment for
a period of more than six months for any offence involving moral delinquency, such
sentence not having been reserved or the offence pardoned, and a period of
five years has not elapsed from the date of the expiration of such sentence; Provided
that the Government may direct that such sentence shall not operate as a disqualification;
is of unsound mind and stands so declared
by a competent court;
is a deaf-mute or is suffering from leprosy;
applies to be adjudicated as an insolvent
or is an un-discharged insolvent;
absent himself from three consecutive
meetings without excuse sufficient to the opinion of the Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha
to exonerate the absence.
(2) Where a person ceases to be a member
under clause (e) of sub-section (1), the Secretary, shall at once intimate the fact
in writing to such person and report the same to the Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha at
its next meeting. Where such person applies for restoration of membership of the
Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha on or before the date of its next meeting or with in fifteen
days of the receipt by him of such intimation, the Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha may,
at the meeting next the receipt of the application, or suo-motu, restore him as
member thereof. Provided that a member shall not be so restored more than twice
during his term of office.
Filling up of casual vacancies of the members of Zilla
Grandhalaya Samstha: 12.
A vacancy occurring in the office of a
nominated or elected member of a Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha before the expiration
of his term shall be filled by nomination or election, as the case may be, of another
person in the manner provided in section 10, and the person so nominated or elected
shall hold office for the residue of the term of his predecessor;
x Inserted by Andhra Pradesh
Act No. 7 of 1969.
functions of Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha: 13: (1) A Library
provide suitable lands and buildings for
public libraries and also the furniture, fittings, materials and conveniences
requisite thereof ;
stock libraries with books, periodicals,
news papers, manuscripts, maps, works and specimens of art and science, lantern
slides, films, cinema projectors, recorders and the like ;
x Provided that the books that may be
stocked in the Libraries shall be selected from the list of books approved from
time to time by the Government;
Provided further that the Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha shall stock also books and periodicals
as nay be directed from time to time by the Government in this behalf, the aggregate
value where of shall not be less than twenty five per cent of the provision made
in the budget of that Samstha for the purpose of this clause;
NOTE : The Government in their
order Ms. No. 2740 Education dated 23-12-1969 constituted a High Powered Committee
For compiling a list of books and periodicals which could be purchased by the Zilla
Grandhalaya Samstha. The Committee is headed by the Minister for libraries, and
the Director of Public Libraries is the convenor of the committee. This committee
prepared the lists of books for some years, and then constituted several sub-committees
for selecting books in different languages. These sub committees will first select
the books and prepare the lists. These lists will go before the main committee.
After their approval of the lists with or without any modifications, the lists will
be submitted by the Director of Public Libraries to Government for approval. After
the lists are approved by the Government, they will be communicated by the Director
to all Zilla Grandhalaya Samsthas. This is a very lengthy procedure and involves
considerable time. Secondly the book selection committee of the Zilla Grandhalaya
Samsthas are not interested very much in selecting books required to the tastes,
needs of the people of the locality as they have to select books only from these
lists. There are some bottle necks in this procedure. Hence the entire position
needs to be reviewed and this provision may be amended suitably by giving more
powers to the Zilla Grandhalaya Samsthas for the purchase of Books. Under the Raja
Rammohun Roy Library Foundation scheme, books are purchased and supplied to all
Public Libraries, Annually a sum of Four lakhs (two lakhs from the Foundation and
an equal contribution from Government) is spent on the library service in the Stats
i.e., Purchase of books, supply of cycle-rickshaws, bindings etc. Besides, the Government
is also sanctioning grants to Zilla Grandhalaya Samsthas for the purchase of books.
x Inserted by Andhra Pradesh Act No. 7 of 1969.
(c) II ................................................................................................................
x (d) with the previous sanction of the Director, shift or close any Public Library
mentioned in sub-clause (a) of section 2, or discontinue aid to any other public
library, the payment of which is regulated by rules and made under this Act.
Note : The permission of the Director has to be obtained for shifting a library
from one building to another. The resolution of the Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha has
to he obtained for this purpose. The rent has to be fixed by the competent authority.
The proposals to the Director for shifting the library shall contain the reasons
for shifting it, the house numbers of the buildings, rent and resolution of the
Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha. In most of the cases the house owners may not wait till
all the formalities are satisfied and they may offer the building to others, as
they may not like to keep the building vacant. Secondly, in fixing the rent also
sometimes difference of opinion may arise. In view of the above difficulties, it
is desirable that this power may be delegated to the Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha,
and the Samstha may report the fact of shifting the library to the Director for
(e) accept any gift or endowment for any purpose connected with
Provided that no gift or endowment of an immovable property shall be accepted without
the previous sanction, of the Government.
NOTE: A resolution for transferring the immovable property by the body concerned
shall be passed. This resolution shall be sent to the Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha
and the Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha shall also pass similar resolution to accept
the immovable property. The Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha shall submit suitable proposals
to the Director along with sketch plan of the land or building with survey number
etc., for obtaining the permission of Government. The land or buildings as the
case may be registered in favour of Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha; at its cost, after
the receipt of Governments permission.
(f) Provide for lectures and the holding classes and conduct other activities
connected with public library service including social education.
xx (g) with the consent of the management and the previous sanction of the Government
or an officer authorised by the Government in this behalf, acquire any library on
such conditions may be approved by the Government or an officer authorised by the
Government in this behalf;
II Omitted by Andhra Pradesh
Act No. 7 of 1964,
x Substituted by Andhra Pradesh Act. No. 7 of 1969.
xx Inserted by Andhra Pradesh (d) Act No. 7 of 1969.
NOTE : This relates to taking over of libraries. After the ban on the creation
of posts is imposed practically the taking over of libraries comes to stand still.
There are several private managements who are willing to handover their libraries
to Zilla Grandhalaya Samsthas. This question requires to be reviewed and the taking
over of the libraries may be permitted as it accelerates the growth in the development
of library movement in the state. In G, O. Ms. No. 2707 Edn. dt. 17-12-69, the Government
authorised the Director to sanction permission for taking over of libraries. In
view of the present ban, the proposals have to be submitted to Government for their
(h) distribute grants for public libraries and social educational purposes; (h-1):
with the previous approval of the Director, organise, or participate In conferences
for the discussions of matters relating to the development of public libraries and
the library service.
(1) in general do everything necessary to carry out provisions
of this Act.
x (2) nothing in sub-section (1) shall apply to the library maintained by
Schemes to be submitted by Zilla Grandhalaya Samsthas 14.
(1} As soon as possible after a Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha is constituted and thereafter
as often as may be required by the Director, every Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha shall
and whenever it considers it necessary so to do, a Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha may
prepare a scheme for establishing libraries and for spreading library service within
its area in such form and manner as may be prescribed, and submit it to the Director
for sanction. The Director may sanction it with such alteration, if any as he may
think fit after giving the Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha an opportunity to make its
representations, If any, in respect, of such alterations and the Zilla Grandhalaya
Samstha shall there upon give effect to the scheme so sanctioned by him.
(2) the Director may on application by the Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha concerned,
modify the scheme sanctioned under sub section (1) or replace it by a new scheme.
Executive committees and sub-committees of Zilla Grandhalaya
(1) A Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha may appoint an executive committee consisting of
such of its members as it may deem fit and delegate to such committee any of its
powers or functions under this Act except the power to levy library Cess, to borrow
money, to dispose of immovable property and to pass the budget, accounts and the
audit and annual reports.
(2) A Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha may also,
from time to time appoint subcommittees to inquire in to and report or advise or
any matters which it may be refer to them.
x Inserted by Andhra Pradesh (A) Act. No, 17 of 1964.
Act of Zilla Grandhalaya Samsthas not to be invalidated
by informality, etc. 16: No act of a Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha
shall be deemed to be invalid by reason only of the existence of any vacancy in
or any defect in the constitution of that authority.
Vesting of properties in Zilla Grandhalaya Samsthas
17. (1) all property acquired or held in any area by the Zilla Grandhalaya
Samstha for the purpose of any public library defined in sub-clause (a) of clause
(9) of Section 2 shall vest in the Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha or that area.
(2) Any immovable property required by the Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha shall be deemed
to be land needed for a public purpose within the meaning of the Land Acquisition
Act, 1894 (Central Act 1 of 1894) and may be acquired under that Act.
Power of Zilla Grandhalaya Samsthas make bye-laws 18:
(1) Subject to the provisions of this Act and the rules made there under
a Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha may make bye-laws, generally to carry out the purposes
of this Act.
(2) In particular and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power,
such bye-laws may provide for all or any of the following matters, namely:
(a) the admission of the Public Libraries in its area on such conditions
as it may specify;
the guaranty or security to be furnished
by persons desiring to use such libraries , against injury to or misuse, destruction
or loss of the property of such libraries;
the manner in which the property of such
property from injury misuse destruction or loss;
the authority to be exercised by its officers
and servants in the matter of exclusion or removal from any such library. Of any
person who contravenes or does not comply with provisions of this Act, or the rules
or bye-laws made there under;
(e) the conduct of meetings of the Zilla
Grandhalaya Samstha and the procedure to be followed in regard to the transaction
of business at such meetings and the quorum for the transition of such business
at a meeting;
x Provided that a Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha
shall not have power to make bye-laws affecting a public library mentioned in sub-clause
(2) or sub-clause (12) of Section 2;
x inserted by Andhra Pradesh Act. No. 7 of 1969.
(3) The Director may modify or cancel
any bye-law made by a Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha under sub-section (2);
x Provided that before modifying or canceling any bye-law, the Director shall give
the Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha concerned a reasonable opportunity to make its representations
in the matter.
xx Power of Government to remove chairman of the Zilla
Grandhalaya Samstha (18-A) : (1) The Government may by notification,
remove any chairman of the Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha, who in their opinion willfully
omits or refuses to carry out or disobeys the provisions of this Act or the rules,
bye-laws or lawful orders made there under, or abuses his position or powers vested
The Government shall, when they propose
to remove a chairman under
sub-section (1), give the chairman concerned an opportunity for explanation,
and the notification issued under the said sub-section shall contain a statement
of the reasons of the Government for the action taken
The Government shall have power to review
any order of removal published under sub-section (1) and pending such review
to stay such order.
Any person removed under sub-section (1)
from the office of the
chairman shall not eligible for re-election to the said office for a period of three
years from the date of his removal.
NOTE : There is no provision in
the Act to pass no confidence motion against the chairman of Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha.
The above section vests power in Government to remove the chairman who abuses his
position or powers after following prescribed procedure.
Control of the Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha by the Government
19. If at anytime, it appears
to the Government that a Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha has failed to perform its functions
or has exceeded or abused any of the powers conferred upon it by or under this Act,
the Government may communicate the particulars thereof to the Zilla Grandhalaya
Samstha, and if the Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha omits to remedy such failure, excess
or abuse or to give a satisfactory explanation there for within such time as the
Government may fix in this behalf, the Government may suspend, dissolve or supersede
the Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha and cause all or any of the powers and functions
of such authority to be exercised and performed by any person or agency for such
periods as they may think fit or direct that it be reconstituted.
of a Library Service for Zilla Grandhalaya Samsthas in the State (19-A) :
Not withstanding anything in this Act, the Government may, by notification, constitute
a Library Service for the Zilla Grandhalaya Samsthas in the State and appoint to
that service such category of Librarians as may be prescribed.
x Inserted by Andhra Pradesh Act No. 7 of 1969
xx Inserted by Andhra Pradesh Act No. 17 of 1964.
20. (1) (a) Every Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha shall levy in its area
a library Cess in the form of a surcharge on the property tax or house tax, levied
in such area under the relevant laws providing for the levy of such property tax
or house tax, at the rate of four naye paise for every rupee in the property tax
or house tax so levied;
(b) A Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha may, with the previous sanction of the Government
and shall if as directed by them, increase the rate specified in clause (d) so as
not to exceed EIGHT naye paise for every rupee.
(2) The Cess levied under sub-section (1) shall be collected
x (a) in the twin cities of Hyderabad and Secunderabad by
Municipal corporation of Hyderabad;
(b) in an area with in the Jurisdiction of a municipal council, by such council;
x (c) in an area within the jurisdiction of Gram Panchayat
by the Gram Panchayat;
(d) in an area in a district not included within the jurisdiction of a municipal
council or a Gram Panchayat by the local body having jurisdiction in such area;
as if the Cess were a property tax or house tax payable under the relevant laws
for the time being in force in the area, and all the provisions of the said laws
relating to collection of property tax or house tax shall apply subject to such
modifications as may be specified by the Government in the notification issued in
(3) The Cess collected under sub-section (2) shall be paid in
such manner, as may be prescribed to the Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha concerned.
NOTE : While commenting on the
Model Bill prepared by Government of India, late Ronganathan pointed out "The
sole basis for the library Cess is made the property tax. This is an anachronism
in the new tax pattern prevailing in the country. There are now more elastic sources
available such as octroi, profession tax and basic revenue. It is not desirable
to make the property tax payer to carry the entire burden of the library Cess".
Some others argue that ''since the expenditure on all social welfare services
is met straight out of the total x Clause (a) was substituted (b) was
omitted and clause (c), (d) and (e) were re-lettered as (b), (c) and (d) in the
Amended Act 17 of 1964.resources of the Government, why should library service be
excluded. There from the expenditure, as such, ought to be met of grants for education
and not by direct taxation". Late Ranganathan suggested that at least 6 1/4°0
of the education budget of the State may be set apart for libraries. It was agreed
that the amount collected from Cess on property tax is not adequate, surcharge on
Cess of the following items may be considered for levy
(1) Sales Tax, (2) Land Revenue
(3) Vehicle Tax.
The Sinha committee in their report (Advisory Committee report for Libraries) come
to the conclusion that only a Cess can provide a stable base of library finance.
There are several difficulties in the remittance of Cess. Some of the municipalities
and many Panchayats are not collecting the Cess properly, and there are some cases
where the Cess was collected but was not remitted to the Zilla Grandhalaya Samsthas.
The Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha does not have any Information about the extent of
the demand and the actual collection of the Cess unless it is actually remitted.
This position causes much hardship to the Zilla Grandhalaya Samsthas. Most of the
library staff members time is taken in going round the villages or authorities concerned
for the purpose of collecting and remitting the Cess to the libraries. Inspite
of repeated instructions from Government and by other Heads of Departments like
Director of Municipalities, Panchayat Raj Department to the local bodies concerned,
there is not much Improvement in the position. To avoid this it was suggested that
the Cess amount may be paid on the particulars furnished by the local bodies to
the Zilla Grandhalaya Samsthas by the Government direct. The Cess amount collected
by the local bodies may be remitted to the Government. The position has to be reviewed
and a final decision has to be taken by Government in this regard. The Cess is raised
from 4 paise In a rupee to 6 paise in G. O. Ms. No. 915 Education dated 29th July
1975 to augment the resources of Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha. The rules relating
to the collection and remittance of Cess as existed before section 20, sub-section
(3) was amended in Andhra Pradesh amendment Act 7 of 1969 still continues to be
In force. The revised rules under this clause may be have yet to be issued.
Library Fund 21. (1) Every Zilla Grandhalaya
Samstha shall maintain a fund called the "Library Fund" from which all
its payments under this Act shall be met.
(2) There shall be credited to the Library Fund the following sums namely:
the Cess collected under sub-section (2)
of section 20,
contributions, gifts and income from endowments
made to the Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha for the benefit of public libraries
special grants which the Government may
make for any specified purpose connected with libraries and social education ;
(d) funds and other
amounts collected by Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha
under any rules or bye-laws made under this Act ;
NOTE : The other amounts mentioned in the above clause namely deposit amount
collected as caution deposit from the deposit borrowers may be kept in the Post
Office Savings Bank account with the permission of the Director. This is more beneficial
as it fetches interest.
(3) the Government shall contribute annually to the Library Fund maintained by
every Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha a sum not less than the amount of the Cess collected
under sub-section (2) of section 20.
NOTE : The payment of matching contribution was stopped. Instead the Government
is bearing the expenditure on payment of salaries to the staff as per G. O. Ms.
No. 915 Education, dated 29-7-1975. Now monthly advance salary grants are
sanctioned to the Zilla Grandhalaya Samsthas on the basis of audited figures of
expenditure on salaries of the previous year as per G. O. Ms. No. 930 Education
dated 18-9-78. The Government have also sanctioned grants subject to certain conditions
on payment of wages to menials as per G. O. Ms. No. 290 Education dated 9-3-79.
Inspite of the receipt of the financial help from Government there are some Zilla
Grandhalaya Samsthas in the state whose resources are very insufficient to spend
funds on the developmental activities of the libraries and to provide at least
minimum facilities to the readers. Hence, they requested the Government to sanction
Government contribution or grants to Grandhalaya Samsthas taking into consideration
the financial position of the Samsthas.
Maintenance of accounts 22 :
(1) An account shall be kept of the receipts
and expanses of Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha.
(2) The accounts shall be open to inspection, shall be subject to audit disallowance
and surcharge and shall be dealt with In all other respects in such manner, as may
Reports and Returns
23: Every Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha and every person in-charge of a public
library shall submit such reports and returns and furnish such information to the
Director or any person authorised by him in this behalf as the Director or the person
authorised may, from time to time, require.
Inspection of Libraries 24: The Director or any person
authored by him in this behalf may inspect any public library or any Institution
attached thereto for the purpose of satisfying himself that the provisions of this
Act and the rules and bye-laws made there under are duly carried out.
NOTE : The Director is inspecting
the office of Zilla Grandhalaya Samsthas and District Central Libraries. The District
Central Librarian is inspecting the Branch libraries. The book deposit centers,
the village libraries and other recognised aided libraries is inspected by the branch
librarians authorised by the District Central librarians. There are prescribed inspection
report forms. The Branch libraries, Book deposit Centres are inspected once in a
year besides two surprise visits. The Director is reviewing the reports and is carefully
watching the follow up work.
Power to make
rules. 25 :
(1) The Government may, by notification,
make rules to carry out the purposes of this Act,
(2) In particular and without prejudice to the generality of the
foregoing power, such rules may provide for -
the method of appointment, nomination,
or election of members to the State Library Committee and Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha
The publication of audited statements
of the accounts of Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha and of the reports of the auditors;
NOTE : On receipt of the audited
reports of all Zilla Grandhalaya Samsthas in the State, the Director shall submit
a report on the improvements and serious lapses if any in the accounts to the Government.
The Government reviews the report. The review will be communicated to the Samsthas
by the Director. They shall publish their report with the review. As only few copies
of the audit report with the review are required generally cyclostyled copies are
taken and circulated. As this is one of the most important items of work, this requires
prompt and regular action at all levels.
(c) the Publication of a Library grant-in-Aid code
regulating the grant of aid to aided libraries and the standards
to be maintained by such libraries ;
NOTE : The grant-in-Aid code has not yet been published. The Government constituted
a committee with Sri Vaviiala Gopala Krishnaiah as the Chairman of the committee
to examine the position of Aided libraries, their financial position, grants etc.,
and to suggest ways and means for their improvement. The committee submitted its
report to the Government. The report is also released, and the recommendations are
worth implementation. The position of the aided libraries may definitively be improved
if the recommendations are implemented and this goes a long way in the development
of libraries in the state. The publication of grant-in-aid code may also be expedited
(d) The maintenance
of State Registers of libraries, and librarians.
NOTE : A register of libraries, and another Register of librarians in each
District is maintained in the office of Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha. There are several
hardships and difficulties in the maintenance of State Reglstei of libraries and
librarians as corrected and up to date particulars may not be available due to frequent
changes in the staff of aided libraries, management, etc.
The employment of necessary staff for
the public libraries maintained by Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha and for
regulating the classification,
methods of recruitment, pay and allowances discipline and conduct and other conditions
of services of the staff employed in such libraries :
The classification, methods of recruitment
pay and allowances, discipline and conduct and other conditions of service
of the members of the library service onstituted under section 19-A.
NOTE : The intention of the Government
in including section 19-A and above two sub-sections in the Act is to treat all
the employees of Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha as Government servants. But in G. 0,
Ms. No. 915 Education dated 29-7-1975, the Government stated that the services of
the Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha cannot be rovincialised. But they have been given
some of the benefits as enjoyed by the employees of other local bodies. The benefits
granted to the Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha employees are as follows:-
Pension including family pension,
General provident fund.
Loans and advances to the extent and
subject to the conditions laid down In the rules issued through G. O. Ms. No. 821/Education,
Free medical attendance for employees,
drawing a pay not exceeding Rs. 300/-
Application of revised leave rules 1933.
NOTE : As in Mysore state, the
Government may consider to declare all Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha employees as Government
servants. This may not involve any additional expenditure to the state as the expenditure
on salaries Is being met by Government. This gives more impetus to library workers
and better efficient services can be rendered by them. This also fulfill the intention
of section 19-A of the Act, the High Court Judgment delivered by the High Court
of Andhra Pradesh declaring Sri N. M. Reddy, a retired Secretary of Zilla Grandhalaya
Samstha as Government employee and the assurances given by the Hon'bie Ministers
In their speeches now and then.
(g) The recognition of the
library associations and regulation of grants to such associations.
(3) Every rule made under this Act shall immediately after it is made, be laid before
each House of the state Legislature if it is in session and if it is not in session,
in the session immediately following for a total period of fourteen days which
may be comprised in one session or in two successive sessions, and if, before the
expiration of the session, in which it is so laid or the session immediately following
both Houses agree in making any modification or in the annulment of the rule. The
rule shall thereafter have effect only in such modified form or shall stand annulled
as the case may be ; so however that any such modification or annulment shall be
without prejudice to the validity of anything previously done under that rule.
Power to remove difficulties 26.
(Omitted by Act 7 of 1969)
Amendment to the Press and Registration of Books Act, 1867 in its
application to the state of Andhra Pradesh 27. The Press and Registration
of Books Act 1867 (Central Act XXV of 1867) shall, in its application to the state
of Andhra Pradesh amended as follows :
(i) in the first paragraph of section 9, for clause (a) the following
clause shall be substituted, namely :
"(a) in any case, within one calendar month after the day on which any such
book shall first be delivered out of the press, three such copies, and *.
(ii) in the last paragraph of the same section, for clause (i) the following
clause shall be substituted, namely :
"(i) any second or subsequent edition of a book in which edition
no additions or alterations either in the letterpress or the maps,
book prints or other engravings belonging to the book have been made, and
three copies of the first or some proceeding edition” of which books have been delivered
under this Act, or;" (iii) In section II for the first
sentence the following sentence shall be substituted, namely •
"Out of three copies delivered pursuant to clause (a) of the first paragraph
of section 9 of this Act, one copy shall foe sent to the State Central library,
Hyderabad, referred to in clause (a) of section 8 of the Andhra Pradesh Public Libraries
Act, 1960 and the remaining two copies shall be disposed of in such manner as the
Government may from time to time determine"
Repeal and Saving 28. (1)
The Madras Public Libraries Act 1948 (Madras Act XXIV of 1948) and the Public Libraries
Act, 1955 (Hyderabad Act III of 1955) are hereby repealed.
such repeal -
the members of the State Library
Committee or the State Library Council, as the case maybe, and the Zilla
Grandhalaya Samstha constituted under the said Acts
and holding office immediately before the commencement of
this Act shall be deemed to be respectively the members
of the State Library Committee and Zilla Grandhalaya
Samsthas constituted under this Act, and shall exercise all powers and
perform all duties conferred on such committee or authorities in the respective
areas in which they are functioning at such commencement until their present term
expires or until a new Committee or authorities are constituted under this
Act, whichever is later;
all rules, bye-laws and regulations made
under the said Acts and in force at the commencement of this Act, shall so
far as new rules, bye-laws and regulations are not inconsistent with
the provisions of this Act, continue to be in
force in the representative areas in which they are in force at such
commencement, and such rules shall be deemed to be
bye-laws, made under the provisions of this Act, until they are superseded
or modified by rules and bye-laws made under this Act.